Kristallnacht: The November 1938 Pogroms

editor Wednesday 8 November 2017 Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share by email Printer friendly

By US Holocaust Memorial Museum.. Historical Background: On November 9–10, 1938, the Nazis staged violent pogroms—state sanctioned, anti-Jewish riots—against the Jewish communities of Germany, Austria, and the Sudetenland. These events came to be known as Kristallnacht (commonly translated as “Night of Broken Glass”), a reference to the broken windows of synagogues, Jewish-owned stores, community centers, and homes plundered and destroyed that night. [Photo top right: Residents in Graz, Austria, watch as the Jewish cemetery’s ceremonial hall burns. —US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Dokumentationsarchiv des Oesterreichischen Widerstandes].  Instigated by the Nazi regime, rioters burned or destroyed 267 synagogues, vandalized or looted 7,500 Jewish businesses, and killed at least 91 Jewish people. They also damaged many Jewish cemeteries, hospitals, schools, and homes as police and fire brigades stood aside. Read the full story.

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